Dictionary

Abbrev

Term

Definition

Bwd Backward
B Ball of foot
BF Ball flat
Closed Position (Latin) Facing partner, slightly apart, normal hold. Alternative holds: L to R hand hold, R to L hand hold, or no hold (The couple may be a little farther apart than usual when using an alternative hold)
Closed Position (Standard, not Tango) Man facing Lady with the Lady very slightly on the right side. R hand just below Lady's L shoulder blade, and L hand holding Lady's R hand at her eye level. The L forearm should be inclined slightly forward causing the joined hands to be at an equal distance between partners. Lady's L hand on Man's R arm just below shoulder, and R hand in Man's L hand. Shoulders relaxed, and elbows just below shoulder level.
Closed Position (Tango) As Closed Position in Standard, except: 1) The Man holds the Lady slightly more on his R side; 2) The Man's R hand will be placed slightly further across the Lady's back. The Lady's L hand will be placed just under the Man's R armpit. For a more detailed explanation, see Tango Hold in our Technique section
Com Commence
Contact Position (Latin) Facing partner with light body contact and normal hold
Cont Continue
CBM Contra Body Movement A body action. The turning of the opposite side of the body toward the moving foot, which is moving forward or back, generally to initiate turn
CBMP Contra Body Movement Position A forward or backward step placed in line with, or slightly across the line of the other foot
Contra Position See Right Contra Position or Left Contra Position
Counter Fallaway Position As Counter Promenade Position moving in a backward direction
CPP Counter Promenade Position (Latin) Lady on Man's left side with Man's left side and Lady's right side toward each other, slightly apart, and the opposite side of the body turned outward to form the shape of a "V." Normal hold
CPP Counter Promenade Position (Standard) A position where the Man's L side and the Lady's R side are in contact, and the opposite side of the body open to form a V shaped position.
CP Counter Promenade Shape (Paso Doble) Slightly lower the right elbow and raise the left arm (Lady's right arm) in a gentle curve, hands just above head level, wrists turned out and up
Cuban Cross This term denotes a position where, for example, the RF is behind the LF, toe opposite or just past the left heel, toe turned out (Example: Man's step 2 of Whisk to Left). The exact distance between the toe of the back foot and the heel of the front foot will depend on the dancer's own physique or the figure danced. This also applies when the LF is behind the RF in the same position, and when the RF or LF is in front, heel opposite or just past the toe, with toe turned out
Diag Diagonally
DC Diagonal Centre
DW Diagonal Wall
Elevation (Paso Doble) A rise high to the toes with a strong upward stretch of the body
e/o end of
Fallaway Position As Promenade Position moving in a backward direction
Fan Position Lady at a 90° angle to Man on his left side on an imaginary line about 15cms (6 inches) in front of him. Left hand holding Lady's right hand. Man's feet apart, weight on RF. Lady LF back, weight on LF
F Flat foot
Fwd Forward
H Heel
HF Heel flat
Heel Pull A type of Heel Turn. The turn to the right is made on the heel of the supporting foot, and the moving foot is pulled back and to the side of the supporting foo (slightly apart), heel first, inside edge of foot, then flat
HT Heel toe
HTH Heel toe heel
Heel Turn A turn that is first commenced on the ball of the stepping foot and then continued on the heel, the closing foot being kept parallel throughout. The weight is transferred onto the foot that has closed as the turn is completed
I/E Inside edge
Inverted Counter Promenade Position (Paso Doble) Lady on Man's left side, almost back to back, with Man's left side and Lady's right side toward each other about 30 cms (12 inches) apart, and the opposite side of the body turned outoward to form the shape of a "V." Left hand holding Lady's right hand or no hold
Inverted Promenade Position (Paso Doble) Lady on Man's right side, almost back to back, with Man's right side and Lady's left side toward each other about 30 cms (12 inches) apart, and the opposite side of the body turned outoward to form the shape of a "V." Right hand holding Lady's left hand or no hold
Lateral Hip Action The hips move to left or right with minimal rotation (Used in figures such as Cucarachas and Cuban Rocks)
L Left
Left Contra Position Man and Lady moving, or positioned to move, toward partner's left side
LF Left Foot
Left Shadow Position Lady on Man's left side, slightly in advance or slightly behind, both facing the same way. Hold will depend on the figure used
Left Side Leading See Side Leading
LSP Left Side Position Lady on Man's left side, both facing the same way. Hold as required for figure used
LOD Line of Dance
Minimal Weight Less than half the weight is taken on to the foot
NFR No Foot Rise No foot rise occurs when stepping back on the inside of most turns when the heel of the supporting foot will remain in contact with the floor until full weight is taken onto the next step. The rise is felt in the body and legs only
Normal Hold and Poise (Latin) Stand with feet apart, facing partner about 15 cms (6 inches) apart, with the head erect, the body naturally upright, and the shoulders down
The Man's right hand is placed on the Lady's left shoulder blade and the Lady's left arm rests lightly on his right arm following the curve of his arm to the shoulder. The Man's left hand is raised in a gentle curve to the level of the eyes. The Lady's right hand is placed in the Man's left hand with her fingers between his thumb and first finger. The hands are lightly clasped
Open CPP Open Counter Promenade Position As Counter Promenade Position, slightly more apart. The distance may vary considerably and become more open, depending on the figure danced. Holds: Left hand holding Lady's right hand, no hold, Man's left hand on Lady's back
Open Position Facing and away from partner, approximately at arms length. Left hand holding Lady's right hand. Alternative holds: R to R hand hold, no hold, or double hand hold
Open PP Open Promenade Position As Promenade Position with the following holds. The distance apart may vary considerably and become more open, depending on the figure danced. Holds: Right hand holding Lady's left hand, left hand holding Lady's right hand, no hold, right hand on Lady's back with left to right hand hold released
O/E Outside Edge
OP Outside Partner A position where the right foot moves forward to the outside of the partner's right foot
OP on L Outside Partner on Left Side A position where the left foot moves forward to the outside of the partner's left foot
Part Weight A step where the weight is centralized between the two feet
Physical Lead Man conveys the lead by increasing the tone in his arm(s) resulting in pressure felt through the hands. Lady responds with matching tone and will continue to move in the direction indicated until the Man's hand restricts her movement
Pivot A turn on one foot with no change of weight. It may be a forward step, leaving the other foot back as turn is made, or a backward step, leaving the other foot in front. Up to 1/2 turn may be made
Pointing (Alignment) This refers to the alignment of the foot to illustrate certain positions where the body has turned less than the foot
PR Pressure
PP Promenade Position (Latin) Lady on Man's right side with Man's right and Lady's left side toward each other, slightly apart, and the opposite side of the body turned outward to form the shape of a "V." Normal hold
PP Promenade Position (Standard) A position where the Man's R side and the Lady's L side are in contact, and the opposite side of the body open to form a V shaped position.
P Promenade Shape (Paso Doble) Slightly raise the right elbow and lower and extend the left arm (Lady's right arm) in a gentle curve, hands at approximately chest level, wrists turned under and out
Q Quick Half of a Slow. One beat in 4/4 time, or 3/4 time; half a beat in 2/4 time
Replace This denotes a step where foot pressure is momentarily released from the floor before placing the step on the same spot (Example: Step 3 of Whisk), as opposed to "Transfer"
R Right
Right Contra Position Man and Lady moving, or positioned to move, toward partner's right side
RF Right Foot
Right Shadow Position Lady on Man's right side, slightly in advance or slightly behind, both facing the same way. Hold will depend on the figure used
Right Side Leading See Side Leading
RSP Right Side Position Lady on Man's right side, both facing the same way. Hold as required for figure used
Rotational Hip Action The hips rotate around the vertical line of the spinal column (Occurs in varying degrees through the Latin dances)
Settling Hip Action The body weight is settled over a straight standing leg which commences the hip movement (Used to commence movement of the body weight)
Side Leading Taking the same side of the body either forward or backward with the moving foot
S Slow (Timing) A beat composed of two Quicks. Two beats in 4/4 time, one beat in 2/4 time
Shadow Position See Right Shadow Position or Left Shadow Position
Shaping Man conveys the position required by "shaping" his body and arms. Weight changes are assumed
S Straight (Sway) No Sway
Sway Sway is normally the inclination of the body away from the moving foot and toward the inside of the turn (Example: step 2 of Waltz Natural Turn)
TP Tandem Position Lady directly in front or behind Man, both facing the same way
T Toe High on the ball of the foot
TH Toe heel
THT Toe heel toe
Transfer This denotes a step which has remained with pressure on the floor at the end of the preceding step (Example: Steps 2 and 7 of the Cha Cha Closed Basic Movement), as opposed to "Replace"
Twisting Hip Action An action where the turn commences in the hips only (Example: Lady's Hip Twists)
Visual When dancing without hold Lady may copy the Man's steps
Weight Change Lady will follow Man's change of weight
WF Whole foot